The Fitzpatrick Skin-Type Chart was Developed in 1975 to classify different skin types. This classification is done based on the amount of pigment on your skin and also the skin’s reaction to sun exposure.
You can use The Fitzpatrick Skin-Type Chart for self-assessment, by adding up the score for each of the questions you’ve answered. At the end there is a scale providing a range for each of the six skin-type categories. Following the scale is an explanation for each of the skin types. You can quickly and easily determine which skin type you are on Fitzpatrick Skin-Type chart.
The Fitzpatrick Skin-Type Chart questionnaire
Genetic Disposition Score 0 1 2 3 4
-1. What is the colour of your eyes? Light blue, Grey, Green Blue, Grey or Green Blue Dark Brown Brownish Black
2. What is the natural colour of your hair? Sandy, Red Blond, Chestnut/Dark Blond, Dark Brown, Black
3.What is the colour of your skin (non exposed areas)? Reddish, Very Pale, Pale with Beige tint, Light Brown, Dark Brown
4. Do you have freckles on unexposed areas? Many, Several, Few, Incidental, none
Total score for Genetic Disposition for Fitzpatrick Skin-Type: _____
Reaction to Sun Exposure Score 0 1 2 3 4
5. What happens when you stay in the sun too long? Painful redness, blistering, peeling Blistering followed by peeling Burns sometimes followed by peeling, Rare burns, Never had burns
6. To What degree do you turn brown? Hardly or not at all, Light colour tan, Reasonable tan, Tan very easy, Turn dark brown quickly
7. Do you turn brown within several hours after sun exposure? Never, Seldom, Sometimes, Often, Always
8. How does your face react to the sun? Very sensitive, Sensitive, Normal, Very resistant, Never had a problem
Total score for Reaction to Sun Exposure for Fitzpatrick Skin-Type: _____
Tanning Habits Score 0 1 2 3 4
9. When did you last expose your body to sun (or artificial sunlamp/tanning cream)? More than 3 months ago, 2-3 months ago, 1-2 months ago, Less than a month ago, Less than 2 weeks ago
10. Did you expose the area to be treated to the sun? Never, Hardly ever, Sometimes, Often, Always
Total score for Tanning Habits: _____
Add up the total scores for each of the three sections for your Fitzpatrick Skin-Type Chart Score.
The Fitzpatrick Skin-Type Chart/ Skin Types
After you have added up your score, you can find out your skin type based on the Fitzpatrick Skin-Type chart:
Skin Type Score – Fitzpatrick Skin Type 0-7 I 8-16 II 17-25 III 25-30 IV over 30 V -VI
- TYPE 1: Highly sensitive, always burns, never tans. Example: Red hair with freckles
- TYPE 2: Very sun sensitive, burns easily, tans minimally. Example: Fair skinned, fair haired Caucasians
- TYPE 3: Sun sensitive skin, sometimes burns, slowly tans to light brown. Example: Darker Caucasians.
- TYPE 4: Minimally sun sensitive, burns minimally, always tans to moderate brown. Example: Mediterranean type Caucasians, some Hispanics.
- TYPE 5: Sun insensitive skin, rarely burns, tans well. Example: Some Hispanics, some Blacks
- TYPE 6: Sun insensitive, never burns, deeply pigmented. Example: Darker Blacks.